Many claim that the Anasazi were quite advanced in their understanding of astronomy, but to what extent was astronomy related to religious rituals and agriculture?
The role of astronomy in an An-Asazi civilization has been the subject of much discussion and discussion among astronomers and archaeologists. There is great disagreement about what was adopted in the early Anasazi culture, especially regarding the role of astronomy and astronomy in religious and ritual rituals.
In fact, some of the architectural features of the large houses captured important directions. The circular semi-underground features used for religious ceremonies had wall niches that hit the sun on important astronomical days. Several windows in the Pueblo Bonito were designed to improve solar observation.
Mayan and Inca civilizations in Central and South America developed step pyramids in which astronomical observations were integrated into religious practice. The Mayans knew the passage of time as the sun crossed its latitudes and cast a shadow, but this passage could only be observed in the tropics before and after the summer solstice.
Different cultures throughout history have chosen many different days to mark the turn of the year, for just as many and different reasons. Astronomically, each year falls neatly into two parts, framed by the summer solstice and the autumn equinox, the two most important days in the calendar.
The solstice has long been of great practical importance and marks the time when plants need to be planted, as well as the beginning of summer and the end of winter.
In some cases, various ancient cultures have developed methods of celebrating and honoring the solstice (see, for example, this article on Stonehenge). The exact origins of astronomy are unknown, but it is likely that star observations were first made in antiquity, perhaps as early as 2000 BC. Stone circles indicating astronomical observations in places such as Stonehensge were built during the Bronze Age (3000 - 1800 BC).
Astronomers created what we now know as the zodiac near the city of Anasazi (now Iraq) in the Bronze Age (3000 - 1800 BC).
The Chinese also began detailed astronomical observations and star maps around the same time. Imperial Chinese star observations informed modern astronomers about the history of the universe, just as the ancient Greeks developed mathematical tools that allowed us to measure the dimensions of our solar system. The Age of the Cosmos on Earth argues that the zodiac dates back to the Bronze Age in the Middle East and North Africa. See also the Cosmic Calendar, which determines the dates of all stars, planets, moons and stars in our solar system and beyond.
When Europeans first crossed the Pacific in the 15th century, they made astonishing discoveries on their way to Africa and Asia.
Local Polynesian traditions and folklore tell of canoes sailing out to sea and ancient Polynesians sailing across the ocean, a precise science that has been passed down orally from generation to generation. In a way, oral traditions and modern archaeology say that groups of Pacific islands decided thousands of years ago to populate with Stone Age Polynesians. People who are closely connected with the oceans and the environment in which they lived navigate with precise knowledge of the precise sciences that have been passed down orally by generations and generations.
At the height of their civilization, between 900 and 1100, the Anasazi were able to build complex dwellings on plateaus and river valleys. Pueblo people who lived in the high deserts of Arizona and New Mexico and sought shelter high up on the cliffs and mesas. There is evidence for the presence of a large number of ancient stone tools such as ceramics, ceramics and glassware.
At the Anasazi Astronomy Museum and Museum in Tucson, Arizona, USA, visitors seeking an insight into the ancient world can take guided tours and self-guided tours.
Now more than 100,000 park visitors a year have the opportunity to take part in one of the two planned astronomy weeks at the Anasazi Astronomy Museum and Museum. Serious amateurs can use the charge - a pair imaging system - to carry out research or map the night sky. Amateurs can use the many telescopes available to view stars, galaxies, planets, stars and other celestial objects in the sky, as well as state-of-the-art imaging systems.
Volunteers who wish to hone their didactic skills can learn to present to the public basic information about the scientific understanding of the universe, stars and tradition. In keeping with the traditions of both ancient and modern peoples, Chaco promotes safe observation from the sun. There is a special connection that we all share when we look at the stars to better understand our place on Earth.
The park established its Night Sky Program in 1991, and the decision to move John's Observatory to the park was well received by park officials. This photo shows the handover of the dome to Chaco in March 1998 by the National Park Service (NPS) of the US Department of Energy in partnership with the University of Arizona.
Chaco Canyon Astronomy. Chaco Canyon is a Dark Sky Park, Perfect for Star Gazing.
Over the years, the National Park has piqued the interest of tourists and astronomy enthusiasts alike, who pause and gaze into the night sky. Located in a desert canyon about an hour outside Albuquerque, the park is home to centuries-old archaeological wonders, including the remains of the Chaco Canyon Trail, one of New Mexico's oldest hiking trails, as well as a number of ancient ruins.
The Stars Of The Show: Chaco Canyon
Since 1993, the park has identified the night sky as an important natural resource to protect and is working to reduce the threat of urban light pollution in the Southwest. This led to the creation of Chaco Canyon Dark Sky Park, a national park with the goal of reducing light pollution in the sky in Arizona, California and New Mexico.